Anabolic steroids are the synthetic hormones which are mainly used to promote muscle growth. These are similar to testosterone, a male sex hormone which stimulates secondary sexual characteristics in men. Anabolic steroids are appropriately known as Anabolic Androgen Steroids (AAS).Anabolic mentions to muscle- building where as androgen mentions to increased sexual characteristics in men. AAS are predominantly used to enhance protein within cell remarkably in skeleton muscle.AAS are mainly prescribed by physicians or health care providers inorder to treat some diseases like hormonal issues and delayed puberty and ailments which causes muscle loss like HIV and cancer.
USES OF ANABOLIC STEROIDS
Synthetic anabolic androgenic steroids have developed and synthesized since 1930’s so they are used in many domains by physicians with varying level of success.
Growth stimulation: AAS’s are used by pediatrician for those children who are suffering from growth failure. But this can be the secondary treatment as the other synthetic hormones are available with lesser side effects.
Bone marrow stimulation: Bone marrow stimulation is the technique of promoting bone growth in difficult to heal fractures by applying a low electric current or ultra sound to the fracture. Since decades especially a plastic anemia.
Gender dysphagia: AAS aremainly used to produce gender dysphagia which means gender identity characteristics like increased bone and muscle mass, facial hair, deeper voice, increased levels of red blood cells. It can be replaced for men who have low level of testosterone.
Delayed puberty in males:Androgens are given too many males who are stressed about extreme delay of puberty. It will be also used in nearby future as a safe, reliable and reversible male contraceptive.
Treatment of breast cancer and HIV: Anabolic steroids are successfully implemented to cure breast cancer, but now they are rarely used for this purpose due to side effects. It is also used to HIV.
To improve athletic performance: Athletics and body builders often use anabolic steroids to build muscles and enhance athletic performance. By taking these steroids athletes get extreme energy and strength so that they perform well in sports events. But some athletes abuse these steroids in different ways.
Side effects: As anabolic steroids are synthetic forms of testosterone they will affect too many features or characteristics of humans. In those who are taking extreme levels, many side effects can occur. Steroid side effects include:
AAS are predominantly used to stimulate lean body mass and prevention of bone mass in men, to increase physical performance, increase strength and endurance, insulin sensitivity or quality of life, acute and chronic wounds, protein –calorie malnutrition, short stature, prolonged catabolic state, faster recuperation.